The type of program needed for viewing pdf files. So far as I know,
only Adobe has the software.
Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line, a high speed communications
line, used primarily for digital video.
American National Standards Institute, on-line usually means the
extended character set approved by ANSI, but there are also ANSI
versions of computer languages, etc.
America-On-Line, the largest on-line service.
A small program, most commonly a java one downloaded via a browser.
Term generally used in rating the older modems, sometimes mistakenly
used in place of bps.
"Beta testing" or "in beta" means that a program
isn't ready for sale because there are still some bugs in it. Because
of the fast development of the web, most of the browsers, applets,
etc., ie the programs you use to access what you want, almost always
seem to be "in beta."
Basic binary unit for storing and transferring data.
Speed of data transmission of 'bits' used as a measure of modem
Software programme to facilitate browsing or surfing.
Moving from site to site, also known as 'surfing'.
Binary digit eight - one byte equals 8 bits and can store one character
If you are receiving information, you are the client; the sender
is the server.
Means of retrieving information from a distant computer - read my
Means of checking the number of visitors your page gets. Available
free from many sites on the net, some of these programmes also let
you check the platform (computer) and browser visitors use. This
knowledge might help you in deciding whether or not to include all
those black backgrounds and other techno marvels.
A program running unseen in the background, most commonly on the
internet meaning a program which keeps an IRC channel open at all
Decoding data encrypted (often for security purposes) to its original.
Domain Name Service. Programme translates domain name of a computer
connected to the Internet into an IP address.
Registered site name used as part of the address for an organization
on the Internet.
Taking documents or programmes from the Internet on to a computer
or printing out in hard copy.
Electronic mail, most used aspect of the Internet. On signing with
an ISP you receive an e-mail address, there are also e-mail services
available which enable you to download your e-mail from any computer.
E-mail can be sent round the world in minutes via modem from your
computer to your ISP usually from a local call POP and a lot cheaper
than fax. E-mail has not been tested for legal binding of contracts
in court in the UK or US.
Means of encoding data to prevent unauthorized access (e.g. e-mail
or credit card information). US government wish to proscribe software
companies from selling most effective encryption programmes outside
of US or Canada. If you are setting up a secure environment for
transmission of sensitive information, such as credit card numbers,
check the small print on your programme to make sure it is really
secure with no 'back doors' which allow entry by people you have
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A common method of linking computers into a network via coaxil cable
& various types actual connections.
Frequently Asked Questions. Many sites have a FAQ section enabling
the novice to learn the answers to questions they might be too nervous
Free software. Some are "crippled" versions of commercial
programs, usually produced by small independents; others only work
with commercial programs. Some are actually excellent programs;
others, well, you get what you pay for.
File Transfer Protocol - way of uploading/downloading files to/from
Format for saving images to be transferred to the Internet.
GUI=Graphic Users Interface, all those pretty icons, etc. which
make macs, windows, x-windows, etc. look the way they do.
Originally meaning an excellent programmer, it now usually means
someone who specializes in breaking into computer systems, esp.
via the internet.
First page of a site, a one page site, or a company/personal page
within a multi paged site.
Hyper text mark up language, language used for authoring on the
Internet. Best described as 'Esperanto' for computers, enabling
computers of all types to connect via the Internet.
Hyper text transfer protocol - 'computerspeak' for a system of transfer
of data between computers.
Computer based communication via telephone lines, allowing subscribers
to tap into the largest data base in the world.
Internal use of Internet within a company, saves shoe leather, legs,
coffee or ciggy breaks, staff chat time.
32 bit binary number identifying the position of a computer on the
Internet - similar to the URL. The URL is usually easier to remember
as it is alpha based rather than numerical.
Integrated Services Digital Network, a voice and data telephone
network more reliable than the analogue system, though considerably
more expensive in the UK.
Internet Service Provider. An ISP will get you on line once you
have a modem, telephone and computer set up with the appropriate
software. ISP's will often provide software.
Programming mini-applications ("applets") for web-browsers
and other programs.
Another format for saving images for uploading to the Internet.
A type of GUI being developed for LINUX users.
A selection of words used with META tags or placed on Search Engines
to make it easy for people to find your site - don't try and be
clever and include everything including the kitchen sink - if the
words have nothing to do with the page or site you are registering
with the Search Engine you might find they will not accept your
entry or will delete it.
Means of turning pages or 'travelling' from a) one part of a page
to another part of same page (internal links), b) from one part
of a site to another part on same site (on site links), c) from
one site to another site (off site links).
Excellent Web search engine
Tags placed at the top of the page giving title, keywords and short
description of content in html, to be read by Search Engine spiders
or robots, makes your page easier to search.
Modulator/Demodulator, lets your computer 'talk' over the telephone.
Screen attached to computers.
A usenet discussion group.
The protocol which newsgroups use.
OS=Operating System, ie the software that runs your computer (like
UNIX, DOS, etc.)
An Internet page is text and images saved at one URL address, this
can print out as several A4 pages but as it has only one URL is
referred to as 'a page'.
Basically, a general computer term for any application which can
be added on to another program.
Post Office Protocol, method of e-mail transfer.
Commands or processes, waiting to be processed. May also be called
Another term for a particular "version" of software.
A piece of equipment which connects two or more networks or parts
Programmes enabling Internet subscribers to find specific sites
or subjects on the net, rather like Trades Directory.
Your service facilitator for your Internet connection also known
Importing images into computers, rather like photocopying, but image
is recorded on computer rather than paper.
Pages which company's, publications or individuals place on the
Mass insolicited e-mailing by companies or individuals wanting to
sell their services, sites or products. Report to your server if
this happens frequently from the same sender, there are means of
blocking. Spamming is also a term for mass registration of a site
or page with Search Engines - not looked on with favour by them
and you risk having ALL your pages deleted if you do it. If your
page doesn't show up through a search try checking your META tags
and the keywords you use when registering.
The same as browsing.
The software protocol that the internet runs under.
A type of Internet computer connection, used to connect your internet
connection to another computer, in order to access their public
Sending work from the publisher's computers to the Internet to be
Uniform Resource Locator - The address of a company's site or page,
Bearpit's Site URL is: http://freespace.virgin.net/bear.pit, each
'page' within a site has a separate URL. E.g. Bearpit's classified
directory is at URL: http://freespace.virgin.net/bear.pit/nat.1.national.index.html
Virtual Reality Modeling Language -- which is thought to be the
coming addition to the WWW, adding 3-d interactive models to web-sites.
World Wide Web.
A basic program to transfer files to a pc.
A great search site for the Web.
The most common file/program compression program. Especially useful
for "zipping" groups of files together.